John Bolton Cholerton Hall, 1805–1866 (aged 60 years)
Marriage: July 4, 1831 — Old Church, St Pancras
Courtesy of Peter FitzGibbon:
General Notes: Primary notes on John Bolton Cholerton Hall's origins The 1831 marriage license allegation and marriage certificate for John states his surname as Cholerton (he signs in this name, not Hall). Indeed, baptismal records for his first five children, John, Jane, Christopher, Louisa and Harriet Mary (all baptised at Saint James, Westminster) record their parents as John and Louisa Cholerton. Even more intriguing is the fact that when civil registration commenced in 1837, John registered Louisa, Hariett Mary and Emma Amelia in the name of Hall but baptised them in the name of Cholerton. The Hall surname seems to have been adopted for both baptismal and civil registration purposes sometime after Emma Amelia's baptism in 1843.
In attempting to determine John's origins, we must rely on several wills and codicils written by the Halls, an apparently established and prosperous family of livery stable keepers/saddlers based in the vicinity of St George Hanover Square, London, and with property in the, then, new and fasionable London surbub of Kensington Gravel Pits (now Notting Hill Gate). These documents were found in the Public Records Office.
The first will dated 1788 and proved 1789 is that of a John Hall, a riding master whose premises were in Hamilton Street in the parish of Saint George, Hanover Square. This gentleman is also shown possessed of a dwelling house, farms, lands (farmlands?) and premises at Kensington Gravel Pits. He makes bequests to his wife Harriet [nee Coates], sons John and Robert (principal beneficiaries of the business), Benjamin, Thomas, William andC hristopher and daughter Caroline.
We then move on to the will of his son John dated 24 Sep 1803 and proved 11 Nov 1816, to which a codicil was added on 8 Sep 1809. In the original will of 1803, John the younger, also of Hamilton Street (and subsequently of nearby Halkin Street), makes trusts and legacies payable to his widowed mother Harriet, his brothers Benjamin, Thomas, Robert, William, Christopher (the sole executor) and to his married sisters Harriet and Caroline . In the 1809 codicil, the terms of the original will are amended, and here we find our first reference to Jane Cholerton and her son John Bolton Cholerton. To quote the relevant passages in full: "I do hereby give and bequeath to Jane Cholerton, my housekeeper at Notting Hill, the sum of five hundred pounds to be paid to her within three months of my decease for her own absolute use and benefit, and I do further give and bequeath to the said Jane Cholerton my leasehold house in Halkin Street, Grosvenor Place, let to the Hon. Charles Wyndham, to hold and enjoy the Rents and profits of the same for her own use and benefit during the term of her life, and after her decease I give and bequeath the same to her son John Bolton Cholerton born the 17 Dec 1805 in Grays Inn Lane and now residing there under the [care?] of Elizabeth [Hall/Ham?] for his own absolute use and benefit of the said John Bolton Cholerton. Should he die before he attained the age of 21 years then I give and devise the said leasehold house after the demise of Jane Cholerton to the children of my brother William Hall equally, share and share alike. And I do hereby give, grant and devise unto the said John Bolton Cholerton when he shall attain the age of twenty one years all my leasehold messuages, tenements, stables, houses situated in Downs Street, Piccadilly, in the County of Middlesex for his asbolute use and benefit, but if the said John Bolton Cholerton should die before he attains the age of 21 years then I give the same to my executor Christopher Hall. And I also give and devise to the said John Bolton Cholerton a ... yearly annuity or ..... of one hundred and fifty pounds a year, to be payable out of my said leasehold estates in Downs Street for his maintenance and education until he shall arrive at the age of 21 years and which I trust my brother and executor will ... properly applied and that he will take the said John Bolton Cholerton under his care and protection. And I do hereby give the sum of fifty pounds of Elizabeth [Hall/Ham?] of Grays Inn Lane for her care and attention to the aforesaid John Bolton Cholerton."
Importantly, the will and codicil of John Hall the younger nominated Thomas Cuff, a sadler of Half Moon Street as one of two trustees for other trusts and legacies.
We then move on to the will of John Hall's brother Christopher Hall of Halkin Street, St George Hanover Square, dated 30 Aug 1819 and proved 19 Jul 1820, in which he makes specific bequests to named individuals including his brothers and sisters and employees. In the same document he establishes a Â£10,000 trust fund for Jane Cholerton (see that entry) and, in the event of her demise, for her son John Bolton Cholerton, until he attained the age of 21. Both Jane and her son are noted at that time as residing at Christopher Hall's residence in Kensington Gravel Pits and Jane is left all the plate, furniture, books, etc., belonging to the property. In his will, Christopher appoints a Richard Heming and Thomas Cuff of Half Moon Street as executors but we must assume that this is Thomas Cuff the younger as his father died in 1815.
The parish records of St Mary's, Kensington, contain a burial record (27 April 1820) for Christopher Hall, aged 42, whose abode was in Halkin Street. (London Metropolitan Archives film X094).
The Hall connection
Clearly, there was a close connection between John Hall the younger and his housekeeper Jane Cholerton, although she was not mentioned in his original will of 1803. What is undeniable is the concern for her son's welfare and the provisions made for mother and child in the 1809 codicil to his will... provisions that were reaffirmed ten years later in the will of his brother Christopher Hall.
Indeed, the source cited for this note, in referring to John Hall's will, says: By his will proved 11 Nov 1816, the bulk of his fortune passed to his relatives. The outstanding exception was Jane Cholerton 'my housekeeper at Notting Hill' for whom both John and Christopher seemed to have had a great regard. The passage goes on to recount the provisions made for Jane and her son John Bolton Cholerton.
We must assume that neither John Hall the younger nor his brother Christopher were married as only their mother and siblings are mentioned in the documents cited above. Indeed the source cited for this note confirms that neither John or his brothers Robert and Christopher married.
There are several further documents that shed light on the origins of John Bolton Cholerton. The first, described as Cholerton v Heming, is recorded in the Court of Chancery for the year 1821 (National Archives Item C13/760/12). Another is an 1824 Court of Chancery suit described asCholerton v Cuff (National Archives Item C13/809/8). Follow-up: examined and photographed documents relating to the two above suits at the PRO in Kew. They relate to an action and a subsequent revival of the same action concerning the 1819 will of Christopher Hall (and of the earlier wills and codocils made by his then deceased brother John Hall). The principal defendants, among others, were trustees John Cuff and Richard Heming.
The case revolves around proper accounting and disposal of Christopher and John Hall's assets, as specified in their respective wills, and there was clear concern that the legacies and bequests had been mishandled by the executors and trustees.
Jane Cholerton and her son John Bolton Cholerton, together with other members of the Hall family are among the complainants and the provisions made for them in the wills are recounted in full.
Crucially, the suit of 1821 makes reference to a memorandum written and signed by Christopher Hall - and dated and witnessed 4 October 1816 (I have slightly simplified some of the legalistic terminology where appropriate - PJF):
The suit recounts that John Hall in the month of October 1816, when he was very ill and a few days only before his death, told Christopher Hall that he wished to amend or vary some of the legacies and bequests in his will of 1803 with codicil added in 1809 - PJF]. As John Hall was at that time very ill, Christopher Hall was unwilling to trouble him by making a new will but asked him to tell him what changes he wished to make. He promised to adhere and comply by their terms and faithfully put them into effect. John Hall then explained his wishes and Christopher Hall afterwards put these down in the memordanum of direction which is then quoted in the suit. This contains the following passage: The directions received from my beloved brother John Hall, he being in extreme danger about three o'clock in the morning of 4 October 1816 after having received with me Holy(Sacrament?) and by me committed the same day to make the following provisions: to Jane Cholerton a sum of Â£10,000 or equivalent thereto for her use and benefit during her life and at her death to be settled upon her son by the said John Hall.
This phrase by the said John Hall can, of course, be read in one of two ways, i.e., either that he was the child's father or that he was settling the sum on the child. While the lawyer who drafted the Bill uses similar wording where children are cited, the words 'the mother of' or 'the father of' or 'the children of'" are usually added to clarify matters. Yet as this passage was a direct quote from Christopher Hall's notes, it leaves the matter of paternity open to question. However, it would seem from other sources that John Hall fathered at least one other child by a different woman who was not his wife (see John Hall-Sarah Wright relationship for details).
Until or unless other evidence comes to light, I am inclined to accept that John Hall as the natural father and have linked the records accordingly. My conclusion is that Jane Cholerton was in John Hall's service as a housekeeper around 1803 and that she bore a son by him a year or so later.
That said, I have yet to trace a baptismal record for John Cholerton.
Yet another legal dispute dated 1831, Coates v Coates, is to be found in the records of the Supreme Judcature and related courts archived at Kew (J68/290). Its content includes a pedigree of the descendants of a Thos. Cholerton. Could this relate to the fact that John Hall's mother Harriet was a Coates? And that he made bequests in his will of 1803 to a Christopher Coates, his wife Mary, and their children Mary and Harriet Coates? Again, these papers need to be examined to establish a possible connection.
Follow-up: examined and photographed the pedigree mentioned above at the PRO. Although the Chancery proceedings are on separate documents (not seen), the Coates/Cholerton connection has been verified and is included in this database. This strengthens the link between Jane Cholerton and the Cholertons of Derbyshire although the linkage to her parents I have cited must be treated with caution. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Searched parish register of St Mary Abbots, Kensington (London Metropolitan Archives microfilm No. X 0943 / 020), for possible baptism of JBCH between 1800 and 1811. No trace. PJF 23.6.06 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Despite exhaustive searches, unable to trace this family under any name (Hall or Cholerton or permutations thereof) in the 1841 Census. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- John Bolton Cholerton Hall would seem to have enjoyed country pursuits, as this undated extract from Baily's Magazine Sports and Pastimes (Published 1871) Page 10, suggests: Mr Fitz-Oldaker, a regular attendant, was always in front, the keenest of the keen, and still one of the very few who will now stay out until moonlight. George Darby, who has rare hands, still as fond of stag-hunting as John Bolton Hall of Weedon on The Absentee and Bob Adamson, the wine merchant, on Oak Stick, whose wine bought the celebrated Ten-and-Sixpence as a foal on board an Irish steamer for that sum â€¦.. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 207 Research Notes: At London Metropolitan Archives: searched parish records of St Mary's, Kensington, (fim X094/020) for possible Cholerton baptisms 1802-1808 but no trace.The only John Hall baptised during this period (19 May 1805) was the son of Robert and Martha Hall of Jennings Buildings. With the possibibility that Jane Cholerton may have married following Christopher Hall's death in 1820, searched for possible Cholerton marriages in parish records of St Mary Kensington, 1819-1827 but no trace.
Searched parish records Old Church, St Pancras (film X030/004) for possible Cholerton baptisms 1804-1806 but no trace.
Medical Notes: Death certificate informant William Clarke (his mark), present at death at Wornditch.
Courtesy of Peter FitzGibbon:
Noted events in his life were: â€¢ He resided in Sep 1809 in Grays Inn Lane, London, Middlesex2.04 In the care of Elizabeth Hall/Ham?. Beneficiary (with mother) Jane Cholerton in the will of John Hall the younger of Hamilton Street, Piccadilly, London, dated 25 Sep 1803 with codicil added 8 Sep 1809 (proved 11 Nov 1816) Note: Gray's Inn Lane became Gray's Inn Road by the mid-19th century â€¢ Beneficiary of will: 8 Sep 1809, London. 208 Beneficiary in 1809 codicil to the 1803 will of father John Hall the younger â€¢ He resided in Aug 1819 in Kensington Gravel Pits, Notting Hill, London20.9 With mother. Beneficiary (with mother) in 1819 will of Christopher Hall of Halkin Street, Hanover Square, London (proved 1820) â€¢ Dispute: Court of Chancery Suit, 26 Jun 1821, London. Represented by his mother, one of the complainants in an action concerning disposal of the wills of John and Chrstopher Hall â€¢ Dispute: Revived Court of Chancery Suit, 11 May 1824, London. Represented by his mother, one of the complainants in the revival of an action concerning disposal of the wills of John and ChrIstopher Hall â€¢ He resided in Jun 1832 in Charles Street, Grosvenor Square, London. 210 Abode stated at time of 1st son's baptism (see individual record) â€¢ He worked as a Gentleman in Jun 1832 in Charles Street, Grosvenor Square, London21.1 Occupation/status/profession stated at time of first son's baptism (see individual record) â€¢ He worked as a Gentleman in 1834.38 According to baptismal record for 1st daughter Jane â€¢ He worked as a Gentleman in 1836 in Pinner, Middlesex. 38 According to baptismal record for his son Christopher â€¢ He resided in 1836 in Pinner, Middlesex.38 this is where his son Christopher was born according to parish baptismal records
Courtesy of Peter FitzGibbon:
He resided from about 1840 to 1850 in Weedon Lodge, Wingrave, Buckinghamshire.
JBCH arrived at Weedon Lodge, Wingrave, near Aylesbury sometime between 1838 and 1841.and all except his three eldest children would appear to have been born there by 1846. That said, I can find no 1841 Census entry for the family either in Wingrave or elsewhere.
The property was occupied rather earlier by a William Turner, as per the following transcript of an edition of the Windsor & Eton Express dated 16 September 1826:
'On Sunday night last, a horse, a saddle, and bridle, were stolen from the stable of Mr.Wm.Turner, of Weedon Lodge, near Aylesbury. On the discovery of his loss the next morning, Mr.Turner sent several persons in pursuit, and went himself to Oxford, where he found his horse at the Holly Bush public-house. It had been left there by a young fellow well-known in Aylesbury, named John Dancer, who had formerly been in Mr.Turner's service, and had disappeared from the house of one of his relations living at Weedon on the same night the horse was stolen. The theft of the horse was not the only robbery committed by Dancer on quitting Weedon, for in requital for the kindness of the relation who had found him a home while he was out of service, he took with him 38 shillings, his property, which he had saved to pay his rent.'
An earlier reference to Weedon Lodge is contained in a Davenport genealogy (http://home.clara.net/craigthornber/cheshire/htmlfiles/bramhall.html) as follows: 4. Maria Brooke, alias Davenport, born 10 April 1785, died 1 December 1866. She married on 31 May 1810.+ Sir Salusbury Pryce Humphreys, CB, KCH, of Weedon Lodge in Bucks, Rear Admiral of the White, knighted in 1835. He was born on 24 November 1778. He took the name of Davenport by Royal Licence on 4 May 1838. He died on 17 November 1845. This couple had five sons and two daughters of whom the heir was William. Admiral Sir Salisbury Pryce Davenport, R.N., C.B. was born in Montgomery. He entered the navy aged 12 and served in numerous engagements against the French. He was involved in the engagement with the American frigate, Chesapeake, and was knighted by William IV. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ A much later reference to Weedon Lodge is to be found in the following query, posted on the RootsWeb.com Bucks-L mailing list: From: "Anthony D Thompson" <firstname.lastname@example.org mailto:email@example.com> Subject: [BKM] Weedon Lodge, Wingrave Date: Tue, 21 Jan 2003 13:09:52 +1000 Hi All My name is Tony Thompson, my research have brought me here and I have found out my ancester was living at this place Weedon Lodge,Wingrave. They were Richard and Georgina Thompson and they had servants there.this is on the 1881 census. Can SKS tell about this place and it's where abouts? TIA Tony THOMPSON Maryborough Qld Australia ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Following found at http://business.virgin.net/house.history/page5.html A synopsis of the history of Weedon Lodge, Weedon, Buckinghamshire.
This Georgian house was erected in 1783 by John Tirel Morin on the site of the old manor house of Russell's. From the late fourteenth century the freehold of the site and manor house was owned by Wardens and Scholars of New College, Oxford. It had been granted to them by the founder of the college, William of Wykeham, who was then the Bishop of Winchester. The college leased the property to a succession of tenants from the 1390s until 1964. Contemporary copies of leases covering most of this period survive at New College. One famous lessee was Sir Henry Lee, a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I. The ownership of Russell's manor itself is known back to the time of Edward the Confessor in 1066.
John Tirel Morin came from London, the son of a high-ranking Civil Servant. He sought social status by building up a country estate but, in doing so, lived beyond his means. He died in 1807 leaving his estate foundering in debt. His death was followed less than a year later by that of his daughter and it was his widowed son-in-law, Captain Salusbury Pryce Humphreys (a naval officer at the time of the Napoleonic Wars), who inherited the leasehold of the house. It was he who was responsible for rescuing the estate by means of a private Act of Parliament. A collection of his correspondence has survived which reveals details of his naval career and of disagreements with his mother-in-law about the disposal of the family assets.
In 1810, Captain Humphreys married into the Davenport family of Cheshire, where he lived from about 1813. He let the house to a series of sub-tenants and for almost 150 years it was the principal house of Weedon Lodge Farm. In 1964 New College built a new house for the farm and sold Weedon Lodge after nearly 600 years of ownership.
Two portraits have been found: one of Captain Humphreys hangs at Bramall Hall near Stockport and that of Sir Henry Lee is in the National Portrait Gallery. The photograph of the house taken in 1900 was found in Somerset. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ So what was JBCH doing at Weedon Lodge? Was he one of the tenants (perhaps of Weedon Lodge Farm) mentioned above? If so, how did he gain the experience to farm? (neither he nor his wife - both London born and bred - would appear to have had a farming background, although his brother-in-law William Denew did farm and maintained a close reationship with the Hall family until his death). And in view of the substantial bequest made by Christopher Hall, why would he choose to be a tenant rather than gentleman farmer? The answers may perhaps be found in the estate records maintained by New College Oxford [unfortunately not as, on inspection, these were found only to contain details of head leases - PJF].
On the question of Weedon Lodge, we are presented with something of a conundrum. There is no record of a Weedon Lodge in in the 1841 Census for Wingrave. However, Weedon Lodge in Weedon (a hamlet a mile or so from Wingrave and abosrbed into the boundary for Wingrave in 1886) and as described above in the history of Weedon Lodge, IS clearly shown on maps of the 1840 period (viewed at the Family History Centre in Aylesbury together with a number of later sales particulars for this substantial property). However, neither is this Weedon Lodge defined as such in the 1841 Census for Weedon and, again, one finds no mention of Halls or Cholertons anywhere in Weedon.
That said, a persual of Kelly's PO Directory for 1847 (page 1792) does list a WILLIAM DENEW ESQ (Louisa's brother and John Bolton Cholerton Hall's brother-in-law) residing in Weedon (further research will be needed to find out exactlyw here in Weedon). However, this, coupled with the fact that later censuses refer merely to 'Weedon' as the birthplace for several of the Hall children, one might conclude that where references are made to Weedon Lodge, Wingrave, they are interchangeable with Weedon Lodge, Weedon.
Of course, it is entirely possible that John and Louisa were not living in Weedon (or Wingrave) at all, or perhaps simply resided there at times when Louisa was due to give birth. Clearly, Louisa and her brother William Denew were close, for we later find him (a batchelor like his two brothers) residing with the Halls in Kimbolton from at least 1871 to his death ten years later (and he is buried in Kimbolton Cemetery close by his sister and brother-in-law). That said, the 1841 Census locates him as a farmer in Hillesden Green, Willesden, Middlesex, but there is no sign here of JBCH's family. Indeed, they appear to be entirely absent from the 1841 Census. â€¢ He resided in 1851 in Wornditch, Kimbolton. Huntingdonshire7.7 Aged 43, Farmer. Born, London, Middx. â€¢ He worked as a Farmer in 1851 in Wornditch, Kimbolton. Huntingdonshire77. â€¢ He worked as a Farmer in 1852 in Wornditch, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire. Source: Page 9 (Huntingdonshire/Kimbolton) in Slater's (Later Pigot & Co) Royal National and Commercial Directory & Topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambidgeshire, Hampshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire and Suffolk. Printed and Published 1852 by Isaac Slater, Manchester and London. â€¢ He resided at Wornditch in 1854 in Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, England78. â€¢ He worked as a Farmer in 1854 in Wornditch, Kimbolton. Huntingdonshire78. â€¢ He resided at Wornditch in 1856 in Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, England21.2 Shown as occupying a house, farm (486 acres), cottage, mill and mill cottage, all in the ownership of Mr P W Freeman â€¢ He appeared on the census in 1861 in Wornditch, Kimbolton. Huntingdonshire.79 Aged 57. Farmer of 500 acres employing 14 men, 5 boys. â€¢ He worked as a farmer in 1862 in Wornditch, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire. 1862 Directory of Bedfordshire & Huntingdonshire: Hall, John Bolton, farmer, Wornditch â€¢ He signed a will on 6 Sep 1863 in Wornditch, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire. Appoints sons John Bolton Cholerton Hall and Christopher Cholerton Hall as executors/trustees. Bequeathes personal estate to wife Louisa Bergman Cholerton Hall. After her decease, all livestock, arable crops, farming implements and estate be sold, such monies arising, together with property in Middlesex, coming into the possession of the executors/trustees. Proceeds to be divided into seveths Makes provision for daughter Jane Cholerton Bloodworth, William Harvey Cholerton Hall, Louisa Cholerton Hall, Harriet Mary Cholerton Hall,and Ellen Amelia Cholerton Hall. â€¢ He was buried in St Andrews, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire on 20 Jun 1866. St Andrew's Burial Register, 1866, page 78 (CRO Huntingdon) John Bolton Cholerton Hall Sr. Probate Notice (1866) â€¢ He had an estate probated on 4 Aug 1866 in Principal Probate Registry, London.213 Executors named as John Bolton Cholerton Hall, the younger, Veterinary Surgeon in Her Majesty's Royal Artillery, stationed at Woolwich, in the county of Kent, and Christopher Cholerton Hall, of Wornditch, in the parish of Kimbolton aforesaid, Farmer